Anaemia is a condition where the blood doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells. It occurs when blood is lost or destroyed faster than the body can replace it. This leads to reduced oxygen flow to the body’s organs.
Causes of anaemia.
The causes of anaemia vary, some certain sicknesses; malaria, typhoid, sickle cell disease, and worms can cause anaemia. It can also come from not eating healthy foods rich in iron, a diet lacking meat, and dark green leafy vegetables. It can also come from breastfeeding or bottle-feeding a child after 6 months without giving other foods too. In addition, blood loss from large wounds, bleeding ulcers, or dysentery can cause anaemia. So also monthly bleeding(menstrual period) in women, if they don’t eat the food their bodies need.
Symptoms of anaemia.
The symptoms of anaemia are:
- Pale gum.
- Weakness and fatigue.
- Pale insides of eyelids.
- White fingernails.
- If the anaemia is very severe, the heartbeat is rapid, and the face and feet may be swollen, the person may have shortness of breath.
Treatment of anaemia.
The treatment of anaemia varies, depending on the underlying diagnosis. Medication to induce blood formation may be used if the body’s blood formation is reduced. Vitamin B supplements may be used for low vitamins level. Iron supplements may be used for iron deficiency. Blood transfusion can be used for blood loss. To prevent anaemia, eat meat, fish, chicken and foods that are high in iron. Liver is especially high. Dark green leafy vegetables, beans, peas, and lentils also have some iron. To help the body absorb more iron, eat raw vegetables and fruit with meals.
Many women are anaemic, and anaemic women run a greater risk of miscarriage and dangerous bleeding during childbirth, they must eat as many foods high in iron as possible, especially during pregnancy.